Categories
Deep Sky Object Supernova

Messier 1 – Crab Nebula

Messier 1, the Crab Nebula, is a supernova remnant located in the constellation Taurus, representing the remnants of a historic supernova explosion observed in 1054 AD. M1 reaches its annual culmination at astronomical midnight around December 16th.

Messier 1, also known as the Crab Nebula, is a supernova remnant located in the constellation Taurus. It was formed from a supernova explosion observed by Chinese astronomers in 1054 AD. The Crab Nebula spans about 11 light-years in diameter and emits radiation across the electromagnetic spectrum, from radio waves to gamma rays.

Location and neighborhood.

Messier 1, the Crab Nebula, is located in the constellation Taurus. Specifically, it lies to the south of the star Zeta Tauri, which marks the tip of one of the horns of Taurus, the Bull. To find it, observers can locate the V-shaped cluster of stars known as the Hyades, which forms the face of the Bull, and then look slightly to the east. The Crab Nebula is visible in the northern hemisphere during the autumn and winter months.

Notable neighbors include the Hyades star cluster, which is located nearby in Taurus, as well as the Pleiades star cluster (M45). Additionally, the region contains numerous dark clouds of interstellar dust and gas, where new stars are forming.

Unique facts

  • Messier 1, also known as the Crab Nebula, originated from a supernova explosion observed by Chinese astronomers in 1054 AD. It was one of the brightest astronomical events recorded in history.
  • Within the Crab Nebula lies a pulsar, a rapidly rotating neutron star, discovered in 1968. This pulsar emits regular pulses of radiation, making it one of the most studied objects in astronomy.
  • The Crab Nebula is expanding at a rate of about 1,500 kilometers per second, resulting from the debris ejected during the supernova explosion. Its expansion has been tracked and studied over centuries, providing valuable insights into the dynamics of supernova remnants.

Brightness and size

The Crab Nebula (Messier 1) has an apparent visual magnitude of about 8.4. It is located at a distance of approximately 6,500 light-years from Earth. In terms of its physical size, the Crab Nebula spans about 11 light-years in diameter. When observed from Earth, its angular size is approximately 6 arcminutes.

Loading...

BLOG
Close
LINKS
Close